Aggregator – an entity responsible for the creation and development of IT infrastructure that allows access to NFC-functionality services for business partners (contractors) that have such functionalities or plan to launch them as cards emulated in mobile devices. NFC4Mobile is such entity.

CRM – Customer Relationship Management – a set of procedures and tools essential in managing customer contacts.

MIFARE – contactless technology standard developed by Philips (currently NXP Semiconductors) in 1994 (Mifare Standard 1k). In 1997 Mifare Pro standard has been published in which the card is equipped with a microprocessor with a coprocessor that encrypts with a 3DES algorithm.

NFC – Near Field Communication – a short-range, high-frequency radio communication standard that allows for a contactless data exchange for a distance up to 10 cm. NFC technology is the extension of the ISA/EIC 14443 (contactless card). NFC-enabled devices can communicate with devices in ISO/EIC 14443 standard as well as with other NFC-devices.

NFC-enabled SIM card – a SIM card that allows the Subscriber to use NFC technology

NFC phone – a telephone designed for mobile telephony uses in accordance to the MNO’s Telecommunications equipment requirements and law regulations that allows the user to use NFC technology.

NFC tag – a sticker or a keychain equipped with an NFC module that allows you to run commands, shortcuts or macros on NFC-enabled handsets. They can be read-only, with a factory serial number which is used as a database key, or they can be for read/write, where the object-specific data can be saved using dedicated software. NFC Tags can be write-once / read-many, “the empty boxes” can be written once hiding, for example the product code or an encrypted message.

TSM – Trusted System Manager – a system that enables for personalization and remote management of NFC applications.

ZTM (pol. Zarząd Transportu Miejskiego) – the public transport authority in Warsaw, Poland